Born Jacob Rubenstein in Chicago, Illinois, on April 25, 1911. Jack Ruby, a nightclub owner, shot and killed Lee Harvey Oswald in the Dallas Police Headquarters on November 24, 1963, two days after Oswald allegedly assassinated President John F. Kennedy.

On November 24, 1963, Jack Ruby walked to the Dallas Police Headquarters, where Lee Harvey Oswald was being held for the murder of President John F. Kennedy and went to the basement, apparently unimpeded. Ruby was tight with the Dallas police department or so it was rumored.

The timing of the Oswald shooting was so spot on that 10 seconds later Oswald would have been in a car and gone. It does appear that it was a knee jerk shooting on Ruby's part. It never made sense to me anyway, that the mob would attempt such a public shooting. Also Ruby had to know that he would either be shot on site by police or spend life in prison for such an act.

Oswald on a stretcher after Ruby shot him

At 11:21 a.m. CST—while authorities were preparing Oswald for transport by armored car to the nearby county jail—Ruby stepped from a crowd of reporters and shot Oswald in the abdomen with his .38 revolver, fatally wounding him.

The incident was broadcast live nationwide on television. Ruby was arrested immediately after the shooting, and he told several witnesses that Oswald's death would spare "Mrs. Kennedy the discomfort of coming back to trial."

Some contend Ruby was involved with major figures in organized crime, and conspiracy theorists widely assert that Ruby killed Oswald as part of an overall plot surrounding the assassination of President Kennedy.

Lee Harvey Oswald

Others have disputed this, arguing that Ruby's connection with gangsters was minimal at most, or circumstantial, and also that Ruby was not the sort to be entrusted with such an act within a high-level conspiracy.

In his book, Contract on America, David Scheim presented evidence that Mafia leaders Carlos Marcello, Santo Trafficante, Jr. and Jimmy Hoffa ordered the assassination of President Kennedy. Scheim cited, in particular, a 25-fold increase in the number of out-of-state telephone calls from Jack Ruby to associates of these crime bosses in the months preceding the assassination.

Some writers, including former Los Angeles' Deputy District Attorney Vincent Bugliosi, dismiss Ruby's connections to organized crime as being minimal at best:

It is very noteworthy that without exception, not one of these conspiracy theorists knew or had ever met Jack Ruby. Without our even resorting to his family and roommate, all of whom think the suggestion of Ruby being connected to the mob is ridiculous, those who knew him, unanimously and without exception, think the notion of his being connected to the Mafia, and then killing Oswald for them, is nothing short of laughable.

According to Bugliosi, both the Warren Commission and the House Select Committee on Assassinations determined all of these calls were related to Ruby seeking help from the American Guild of Variety Artists in a matter concerning two of his competitors.

The House Select Committee on Assassinations report stated "...that most of Ruby's phone calls during late 1963 were related to his labor troubles. In light of the identity of some of the individuals with whom Ruby spoke, however, the possibility of other matters being discussed could not be dismissed.

In Gerald Posner's book Case Closed: Lee Harvey Oswald and the Assassination of JFK, Ruby's friends, relatives and associates stress how upset he was upon hearing of Kennedy's murder, even crying on occasion, and how he went so far as to close his loss-making clubs for three days as a mark of respect.

Dallas reporter Tony Zoppi, who knew Ruby well, claims that one "would have to be crazy" to entrust Ruby with anything as important as a high-level plot to kill Kennedy since he "couldn't keep a secret for five minutes…

Jack was one of the most talkative guys you would ever meet. He'd be the worst fellow in the world to be part of a conspiracy, because he just plain talked too much." He and others describe Ruby as the sort who enjoyed being at "the center of attention", trying to make friends with people and being more of a nuisance.  More on WIKI

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